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What is FLUTD?

Feline Urinary Lower Tract Disease (FLUTD) is the general name for a group of conditions that affect the lower urinary tract of cats (including bladder stones, urethral plugs, infections, cystitis, etc.).

If your cat is affected, he or she may make frequent, straining attempts to urinate, often accompanied by blood in the urine. Further, urination in inappropriate places outside or around the litter box may occur.

FLUTD can be a recurrent problem in cats of any age or sex. It is particularly troublesome and obvious in male cats because it may result in the blockage of the urinary tract, preventing normal passing of urine.

There are many causes of this painful condition

1. Feline Idiopathic Cystitis (FIC): The most common cause of FLUTD in cats. It is a kind of sterile inflammation of the bladder wall. The cause is unknown, but FIC can be triggered by stressful situations, producing symptoms similar to those seen iis n people with cystitis.

2. Urethral plugs: Mucous and minute struvite crystals can build up to form a plug. A plug can move down into the urethra of your cat causing a very serious blockage.

Bladder Health

3. Struvite and Oxalate crystals: Nutrition can influence the formation of crystals in sensitive cats.

4. Struvite and Oxalate stones: Crystals can clump together to form stones, causing discomfort and possibly urinary obstruction/blockage.

Food: As stones are made up of minerals, too many of these minerals in your cat's food can increase the risk of developing them.

Other risk factors: Being overweight, not having enough activity and stress can all contribute to urinary problems.

Look for the signs

Common signs of FLUTD are:

  • Blood in urine
  • Excessive straining when urinating
  • Frequent trips to the litter tray
  • Urinating indoors or in inappropriate places
  • Restlessness, hiding away, refusal to eat

Important: If your cat is not urinating freely, a urinary blockage may be the cause. Contact your vet immediately as this condition is urgent and could be fatal if not treated.

Normal Posture to Urinate

Strained Posture

  1. Head slightly inclined
    downwards
  2. May cry out
  3. Hunched-up posture
  4. Front legs vertical
  5. Hind legs more vertical
  6. Arched back
  7. Tense muscles
  8. Stifle joint further forward

Treatment Options

Your vet may prescribe drugs and may also recommend feeding your cat special nutrition because the right food can help your cat regain full health more quickly.

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